Of power practiced in the european colonies. Hayes listed the following major. Britain, france, germany, belgium, italy, portugal, and spain were competing for power within european power politics. Instead, it developed the perverse view that the colonized should pay for their colonial domination. Durham: carolina academic press, 2002. Napoleonic and crimean wars.
The african legacy in europe?
European domination in africa.
Europe & africa in the 19th century
But as the length of some resistance struggles amply demonstrates, africans put up the best resistance with the resources they had. Long after the british formally colonized igboland, they had not fully mastered the territory. Lugard simply and wisely adapted it to his ends.